Technosphere


What is it?

Also called Anthroposphere, from the ancient Greek ἄνθρωπος, ánthrôpos (“human being”).

It represents the part of the environment that is modified by human activities: deforestation, overfishing, chemical pollution (insecticides, plastics), use of fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas). One of the effects of these human activities is climate change.

Since the industrial revolution in the late 18th century, humanity has had an harmful impact on planet Earth. Rampant pollution with land and soil transformations for agriculture or to build cities have exhausted our planet, also suffering from too many greenhouse gas emissions.

Click here to find out some challenges related to agriculture and food production
 



Scientific specialities
Most of these specialities below are featured in our flagship card game 7 SPHERES®

Demography


Study of human populations: age, fertility, mortality, migrations and cultures.

Allows to anticipate the needs and evolution of future populations.

Environmental Law


Local legislation and international agreements to correct the market and human impact on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems as well as in space.

Circular Economy



System in which the conception, production and use of goods and materials is optimised including their reused and recycled “waste”.

Urbanism



Infrastructures and housing planning in the countryside or cities (schools, transports, power plants).

Developing lands while preserving non-renewable resources.

Agronomy



Science and engineering to improve agricultural production.

Enhancing farming to feed the populations without damaging the environment or our health.

Aquaculture



Artificial breeding of fish, crustaceans or algae in the sea or freshwater.

These farms require strict legislation and controls to avoid damaging local ecosystems.